San José, Costa Rica; Monday, February 3, 2014- The Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) along with partner organizations will represent victims of human rights violations from the Americas before the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IA Court) in its 102 period of ordinary sessions.
Cases with public hearings:
Case of Cruz Sánchez et al. v. Peru: Monday, February 3, at 10:00 am and Tuesday, February 4, at 9:00 am CST.
CEJIL and the Asociación Pro Derechos Humanos del Perú (APRODEH) will appear before the IA Court to establish the international responsibility of the State for the extrajudicial executions of Eduardo Nicolás Cruz Sánchez, Herma Luz Meléndez Cueva and Víctor Salomón Peceros Pedraza, members of the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) who were executed after the Chavín de Huántar military operation.
Likewise, this case refers to the continual impunity of the grave events that have generated violations against the victims’ family members. The operation resulted in the rescue of the hostages taken captive by the MRTA at the Japanese Ambassador’s residence in Lima from December 17, 1996, to April 22, 1997.
The submission of this case before the Court is not intended to question the right or the obligation of the State to adopt measures for rescuing the hostages, which may include the use of force, as long as the human rights of those involved are respected. Likewise, the case does not question the Operation Chavín de Huántar as a whole, since it allowed liberation of the hostages. The submission of this case is limited to solicit the State to take international responsibility for the execution of the three victims, members of the MRTA, who had deposed their weapons once the operation was concluded.
Case of the brothers Landaeta Mejías et al. v. Venezuela: Thursday, February 6, at 9:00 am CST.
CEJIL, the Comisión de Derechos Humanos de Justicia y Paz del Estado Aragua, and the Vicaría Episcopal de Derechos Humanos de Caracas, in representation of the Landaeta Family, will solicit the IA Court to establish the international responsibility of the State for the extrajudicial executions of Igmar Alexander and Eduardo José Landaeta Mejías. The brothers were killed by Araguan State police agents in Venezuela.
In 1996, with a difference of one month’s time, brothers Igmar Alexander and Eduardo José Landaeta were extrajudicially executed. Their deaths took place in two episodes involving the participation of police agents from the Aragua state in Venezuela; the events date back to a period in which a pattern of extrajudicial killings were committed by state police agents in the state of Aragua, Venezuela.
Igmar Alexander’s death was presented as a confrontation by the police, while the execution of Eduardo José, who was only 18 years old, took place while he was under police custody. Both episodes occurred within a much more general context of extrajudicial executions committed by state police agents in Venezuela.
Private hearings on monitoring the compliance with judgments and provisional measures:
Case of García Prieto et al. V. El Salvador: Tuesday, February 4, at 3:00pm CST. Judgment of November 20, 2007
CEJIL and the Instituto de Derechos Humanos de la Universidad Centroamericana “José Simeón Cañas” (IDHUCA), in representation of the victims of the case, will participate in a hearing that will analyze the State’s compliance with the judgment and current measures of protection ordered by the IA Court in its judgment.
The hearing will analyze whether the Salvadoran State has conducted an investigation on the death of Mauricio García Prieto. The hearing will also examine the threats and acts of harassment suffered by the victim’s parents, José Mauricio García Prieto Hirlemann and Gloria Giralt de García Prieto, through their search for justice. Additionally, the hearing will serve to assess the medical attention given to the victims that was ordered by the IA Court.
Ramón Mauricio was killed June 10, 1994, by two unidentified individuals. His death occurred in a context of political violence which involved the so called “squadrons of death” (escuadrones de la muerte). To this day neither Ramón Mauricio’s death nor the threats suffered by his parents have been clarified; the case remains in impunity.
Case of the Rochela Massacre V. Colombia: Tuesday, February 4, at 5:30 pm CST Judgment of November 11, 2007
CEJIL and the Colectivo de Abogados José Alvear Restrepo (CCAJAR), in representation of the victims in the case of the Rochela and the beneficiaries of provisional measures, will participate in a hearing monitoring the compliance of the Judgement emitted by the Court in 2007. The hearing will also analyze the compliance with the measures of protection ordered by the Tribunal in 2009.
In January of 1989, a paramilitary group kidnapped a commission of 15 judiciary officers in the Rochela community. The commission functioned to investigate the civilian and military responsibility in various massacres committed in the Magdalena Medio zone. The paramilitaries shot at the group, killing 12 and injuring the other three. In this occasion, the IA Court will analyze the existing impunity in respect to the violations committed against the victims and their families. It will also assess the grave risk situation which still persists in relation to the people that try to propel the investigations against the perpetrators and masterminds, including members of the paramilitary groups as well as of the Public Force. Both hearings of compliance seek that the involved States comply with the outstanding points of the sentences dictated by the IA Court.