CEJIL

CEJIL congratulates the Iniciativa Mesoamericana de Defensoras de Derechos Humanos

It is with great joy and admiration that CEJIL congratulates the Iniciativa Mesoamericana de Defensoras de Derechos Humanos (IM-Defensoras)  for winning the Letelier-Moffitt Human Rights Award from the Institute on Policy Studies in Washington, D.C.

As a result of their fight for equality, peace and justice within Central America and Mexico, IM-Defensoras are an inspiration to all of us. They have improved the lives of hundreds of Human Right defenders and also contributed to the eradication of taboos through dialog. It is an honor to support their work. http://tinylink.net/qtpg6

Sat, 10/18/2014

Fotografía Defensoras créditos Agencia CuadratínIt is with great joy and admiration that CEJIL congratulates the Iniciativa Mesoamericana de Defensoras de Derechos Humanos (IM-Defensoras)  for winning the Letelier-Moffitt Human Rights Award from the Institute on Policy Studies in Washington, D.C.

As a result of their fight for equality, peace and justice within Central America and Mexico, IM-Defensoras are an inspiration to all of us. They have improved the lives of hundreds of Human Right defenders and also contributed to the eradication of taboos through dialog. It is an honor to support their work. http://tinylink.net/qtpg6

Photographic credits: Quadratin Press Agence

 

Summaries of Jurisprudence: Gender-based Violence. 2nd Edition Updated

CEJIL presents a new title to its collection of Summaries of Jurisprudence, this time dedicated to Gender Violence.

This publication includes a selection of texts of decisions from international human rights organs related to the protection of women victims of violence. The compilation provides a solid body of jurisprudence that allows one to obtain a broad panorama of the reality of women in a variety of contexts, revealing the indisputable relevance of gender violence in the world, even further than the advances in regulation material.

We hope that this will be a useful tool that contributes to the defense of human rights and the eradication of one of the most tolerated and silenced human rights violations as such is the violence exercised against women.


Type of publication:Compilation of jurisprudence
Full version available in:
Year: 2011
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Summaries of Jurisprudence: Health and Reproductive Rights

CEJIL is delighted to present a new book to its collection of Tools for the Protection of Human Rights: Summaries of Jurisprudence, this time dedicated to Health and Reproductive Rights.

The human rights protection bodies recognize the access to medical care, including reproductive health, as a basic right. Nonetheless, the decisions included in this volume illustrate some of the grave deficiencies in the effective enjoyment of these rights, directly affecting women’s right to choose regarding maternity, accessing health information, or to be respected in their autonomy and privacy, among others.

These pages compile decisions and judgments that constitute more relevant jurisprudence in relation to health and reproductive rights. We hope that this book will be a useful tool that contributes to the defense of those rights.


Type of publication:Compilation of jurisprudence
Full version available in:
Year: 2012
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Human rights in the Inter-American System. Compilation of instruments. 2011 Edition.


Type of publication:Compilation of law
Full version available in:
Year: 2011
Partial download options in:

Spanish


English

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Human rights in the Inter-American system. Compilation of instruments. 2009 edition.

Los Derechos Humanos en el Sistema Interamericano. Compilación de Instrumentos.

El Centro por la Justicia y el Derecho Internacional (CEJIL) se complace en presentar la sexta edición actualizada de su publicación Derechos Humanos en el Sistema Interamericano: Compilación de Instrumentos.

Desde la primera versión de este compendio de normativa interamericana sobre protección y defensa de los derechos humanos –editada en 1997- CEJIL se ha propuesto con esta compilación tornar más accesible a distintos públicos el conocimiento del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos desarrollado en el continente americano, así como el uso de las herramientas que el sistema interamericano (SI) pone a disposición de víctimas y defensores de derechos humanos.

La obra recopila las Declaraciones, Tratados, Protocolos y Principios que conforman la normativa fundamental del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos en el ámbito interamericano, complementándola con aquellos textos que reglamentan la composición y funcionamiento de la Comisión y Corte Interamericana (Estatutos y Reglamentos).

Esta sexta edición actualizada incluye las últimas modificaciones a los Reglamentos de la Comisión y la Corte introducidas en 2009, que afectan a aspectos centrales del Sistema como son las reglas aplicables a la fase de admisibilidad de peticiones, las medidas cautelares de protección, el papel de las víctimas en el litigio ante la Corte Interamericana, o cuestiones de representación legal, entre otras.

Adicionalmente, en esta nueva edición presentamos un cuadro que cumple con la intención de ofrecer de forma ilustrativa un panorama completo acerca del estado de ratificaciones de los instrumentos del sistema interamericano de derechos humanos. A su vez, la forma en que se expone la información permite tener una mirada abarcadora e integral acerca del grado de involucramiento de los Estados miembros de la OEA en el SI.


Type of publication:Compilation of law
Full version available in:
Year: 2009
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CEJIL condemns recent student deaths and disappearances in Guerrero, Mexico

Iguala, Guerrero Mexico October 2, 2014- In light of the violent events which took place on September 26 and 27 in Mexico’s state of Guerrero, the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) asks that the safety of the missing students as well as the safety of their families and those advocating on their behalf be guaranteed as they move forward making claims with Mexican authorities. Specifically, we ask for the protection of members of the Center for Human Rights of Tlachinollan Mountain.

Tue, 10/07/2014

Manifestaciones por normalistas El País de España

San José, 7 de octubre de 2014.- In light of the violent events which took place on September 26 and 27 in Mexico’s state of Guerrero, the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) asks that the safety of the missing students as well as the safety of their families and advocates is guaranteed by Mexican authorities throughout the investigation process. Specifically, we ask for the protection of members of the Center for Human Rights of Tlachinollan Mountain.

According to reports provided to CEJIL, policemen clashed with students’ en-route from Iguala to the state capital of Chilpancingo after completing a fundraiser for their school. Over the course of the next few days, violence escalated when unidentified gunmen opened fire on the students, killing three people and injuring six. Forty-three students were taken away in police vehicles and to date, were still missing.

Then, on October 4th, reports announced that Mexican law enforcement agents discovered 5 mass graves containing the remains of several students.

CEJIL urges authorities to correctly identify the bodies, to continue their search for the remaining students who are still missing, and to bring to justice those who committed this heinous atrocity. We ask the authorities to maintain constant contact with the families of the missing students to guarantee their right to access information and participation throughout the course of the investigation. The state must guarantee their rights to truth, justice, and redress.

Statement from Viviana Krsticevic, Executive Director of CEJIL

Washington, DC October 2, 2014- It is with great shock and sadness that we mourn the sudden loss of Juan Carlos Gualinga, Toribio Tapuy, Martha Aranda and Paúl Navarrete who died in a plane crash soon after takeoff from the Kichwa community of Sarayaku on the evening of October 1, 2014.

As we mourn their loss, we also hope for the healthy recovery of Hugo Medina and his two-year old daughter who were also on the plane.  Our most heartfelt condolences go out to their loved ones.

 

Thu, 10/02/2014

Washington, DC October 2, 2014- It is with great shock and sadness that we mourn the sudden loss of Juan Carlos Gualinga, Toribio Tapuy, Martha Aranda and Paúl Navarrete who died in a plane crash soon after takeoff from the Kichwa community of Sarayaku on the evening of October 1, 2014.

As we mourn their loss, we also hope for the healthy recovery of Hugo Medina and his two-year old daughter who were also on the plane.  Our most heartfelt condolences go out to their loved ones.

 

Tribunal paves the road to justice in the case of Rubens Paiva

Rio de Janeiro, Thursday September 11, 2014. Last Wednesday the Federal Regional Court of the Second Circuit unanimously denied the habeas corpus request that was filed by the four soldiers accused of murdering and hiding the body of Ex-Congressman Rubens Paiva in 1971.

This decision allows the prosecution to continue its regular course in the first instance of the federal justice system. Likewise, with this decision, the tribunal guarantees that judicial truth can be obtained in the recognition of the grave violations of human rights committed during the military dictatorship.

Thu, 09/11/2014

Fotografía Rubens Paiva, créditos Lavras 24 horasRio de Janeiro, Thursday September 11, 2014. Last Wednesday the Federal Regional Court of the Second Circuit unanimously denied the habeas corpus request that was filed by the four soldiers accused of murdering and hiding the body of Ex-Congressman Rubens Paiva in 1971.

This decision allows the prosecution to continue its regular course in the first instance of the federal justice system. Likewise, with this decision, the tribunal guarantees that judicial truth can be obtained in the recognition of the grave violations of human rights committed during the military dictatorship.

For Beatriz Affonso, CEJIL Program Director for Brazil, this is a historic decision that demonstrates the judicial power’s commitment to act in conformity with the international commitments assumed by the Brazilian State.

Read the complete press release in Portuguese.

Photo Credit: Lavras 24 horas

 

CEJIL expresses concern for setback in the protection of women’s rights in Nicaragua

San Jose, September 3, 2014. Recently, the Nicaraguan State passed the Comprehensive Law number 779 against violence towards women. The reform has modified many important aspects of the law, which in turn translate into setbacks in compliance with the state obligation to effectively guarantee the right of women to live a life free of violence.

The revisions of Law 779 restrict the concept of violence towards women by establishing that only acts committed in a relationship between a couple will be punishable, that is to say, it excludes violence perpetrated in public or community environments by any person without bonds of affection.

Wed, 09/03/2014

Fotografía Ilustrativa Violencia Contra la MujerSan Jose, September 3, 2014. Recently, the Nicaraguan State passed the Comprehensive Law number 779 against violence towards women. The reform has modified many important aspects of the law, which in turn translate into setbacks in compliance with the state obligation to effectively guarantee the right of women to live a life free of violence.

The revisions of Law 779 restrict the concept of violence towards women by establishing that only acts committed in a relationship between a couple will be punishable, that is to say, it excludes violence perpetrated in public or community environments by any person without bonds of affection.

The new reform also favors the application of mediation as a method of preventing and punishing violence towards women.

With respect to this procedural figure, in its report, “Access to Justice for Women Victims of Sexual Violence in Mesoamerica,” the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) stated its concern for the utilization of said mechanism because it generally harms the victims. According to the IACHR, women find themselves in a situation of disadvantage and inequality and therefore applying the mediation hinders their access to justice as well as the eventual punishment of the aggressor.

At the same time, the cited revisions modify the criminal definition of femicide and limits it to interpersonal relations of a couple, disrespecting what was previously established in the law when the crime was described, “in the context of power relations between men and women.” In only the first semester of 2014 in Nicaragua, the Red de Mujeres contra la Violencia reported 47 femicides, four more than during the same period in 2013.

Meanwhile, during the last trimester of 2013, Nicaragua’s Instituto de Medicina Legal evaluated 1162 women for sexual violence and 1659 for intrafamiliar violence.

Before this grave situation, both the Consejo de Derechos Humanos and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, through the observance of various thematic hearings and the evaluations conducted under the Universal Periodic Review mechanism, have recommended that the Nicaraguan State adapt its legislation so that it guarantees rights to women and that it adopt effective public policies that prevent, punish and eradicate violence against women.

These international obligations also derive from the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women, known as the “Convention of Belém do Pará,” ratified by the State of Nicaragua in 1995.

“The approved regulations do not constitute an effective action to protect the rights of girls and women. Nicaragua is not complying with its international obligations, leaving this group unprotected in a vulnerable situation,” stated Marcia Aguiluz, CEJIL Program Director for Central America and the Caribbean.

CEJIL respectfully calls on the Nicaraguan authorities to reform the revisions of Law 779 and to comply with its obligation to adjust said law to the international standards in relation to violence against women.

Press Contact

Daniela Araya

+506 2280 7473

daraya@cejil.org

Paraguay: a decade ignoring the judgment on the “Panchito López” case

September 2, 2014, marks 10 years since the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IA Court) condemned Paraguay for the Panchito López Juvenile Reeducation Institute case (Instituto de Reeducación del Menor Panchito López).

Between 1996 and 2001, around 4000 children were subject to inhumane prison conditions in the Panchito López center for minors. This prison had the capacity to accommodate 15 inmates, however, it housed between 200 and 300 children at a time. Due to these conditions, during three fires that occurred between 2000 and 2001, twelve children died and dozens of others sustained injuries.

Wed, 09/17/2014

Photo Credits ABCSeptember 2, 2014, marks 10 years since the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IA Court) condemned Paraguay for the Panchito López Juvenile Reeducation Institute case (Instituto de Reeducación del Menor Panchito López).

Between 1996 and 2001, around 4000 children were subject to inhumane prison conditions in the Panchito López center for minors. This prison had the capacity to accommodate 15 inmates, however, it housed between 200 and 300 children at a time. Due to these conditions, during three fires that occurred between 2000 and 2001, twelve children died and dozens of others sustained injuries.

The IA Court considered to be true the facts reported by the Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL), who represented the victims and their relatives before the Inter-American Human Rights System.

Although it has been 10 years since the judgment was issued, the State has yet to comply with the majority of the reparation measures ordered by the IA Court, including the order to draft a comprehensive public policy on children in conflict with the law, which must be in harmony with the international human rights standards. Likewise, the State has not given comprehensive reparations to the victims of the case including access to health and education, as well as other measures ordered by the Tribunal.

The outstanding debts that Paraguay continues to hold in this area are of particular concern. In recent months, four children have died and at least ten others have sustained injuries in the Itaguá Juvenile Detention Center (Centro de Detención para Adolescentes Itaguá), which replaced Panchito López.

In this scenario, CEJIL urges Paraguay to implement the outstanding reparation measures in this case, particularly those designed to prevent the repetition of the violations of fundamental rights suffered by children of Panchito López.

Photographich credits: One of the fires in Panchito López (2000) / ABC Color.

Press Contact:

Daniela Araya

daraya@cejil.org

+506 22807473

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